Four Teens Charged With Videotaping with Cellphones Themselves Having Sex with Intoxicated & Unconscious 15 Year Old Girl in Kannapolic, NC … How Are Their No Rape Charges?
What a future these fours teens have ahead of them …
Four teens, two 16 year old and two 15 year old boys face charges after videotaping themselves with their cell phones having sex with a 15 year old intoxicated and unconscious girl. According to police, the charge is preparation of an obscene video made using their cellphones. Two teens were students at South Rowan High School and the other from A.L. Brown High School. The video was not made on school grounds, but in a home where alcohol was present. According to an arrest warrant, the girl was intoxicated and unconscious when two 15-year-olds and two 16-year-old boys took turns making videos. It is unknown how many others received copies of the video. One of the teens charges was Randy Velazquez, who is in locked up under a $5,000 bond. Velazquez’s mother said she has no intention of getting her son out of jail and said he needs to learn a lesson from what he is accused of doing.
Wait a minute, am I missing something? Did the police not say that these boys had sex with an intoxicated and unconscious girl … how is this not sexual assault and rape as well? Also, it would be simple to determine who was sent the videos, would that not also be considered the crime of disseminating child porn? Hey Kanappolis DA … Wake the Hell up!!!
A 16-year-old and two 15-year-olds face charges after deputies said they videotaped themselves having sex with a 15-year-old who was intoxicated.
Police arrested a fourth teenager Friday afternoon.
The charge is preparation of an obscene video made using their cellphones.
Police showed Channel 9 some of the evidence which was one disc after another of the cellphone videos showing the teens having sex with a 15-year-old girl.
According to an arrest warrant, the girl was intoxicated and unconscious when two 15-year-olds and two 16-year-old boys took turns making videos.
8 Year Old Isabella Grogan-Cannella Missing Since 9/2/14 in Bullhead City, AZ (Update: Body Found Near Missing Girl’s Home)(Update: 26 Year Old Justin Rector Charged with Murder)(Update: Autopsy, Bella was Stragled)
The search is on for 8 year old Isabella “Bella” Grogan-Cannella who went missing from her home before 1:30 Tuesday morning, September 2, 2014 in Bullhead City, Arizona. She was last seen in her bed Monday night at her home on the 2400 block of Lakeside Drive (map). Police were called to the home early Tuesday morning, as “Bella’s” family told them that she wasn’t in her bed or anywhere in the house. According to reports, the FBI and National Center for Missing & Exploited Children have been contacted. To date, there has yet to be an Amber Alert issued.
The Bullhead City Police Department said Isabella Grogan-Cannella disappeared before 1:30 a.m. from her home, located on Lakeside Drive.
The girl, who goes by Bella, is 4’8″ tall and between 80 and 90 pounds. She has shoulder-length blond hair and blue eyes. She was last seen wearing a green, sparkly tank top and dark shorts. She could be barefoot.
If anyone has any information concerning the child’s whereabouts, please call the Bullhead City Police Department at 928-763-1999.
UPDATE II: Body found near home of missing Arizona girl
Investigators found a body near the home of missing 8-year-old Isabella Grogan-Cannella, Bullhead City Police Chief Brian Williamson said Wednesday.
Authorities have not confirmed the identity of the body, Williamson said, adding that investigators planned to finish gathering evidence at the scene and turn the body over to the Medical Examiner’s Office for identification.
He would not provide additional information on the approximate age of the body, its gender or condition.
A body has been found in Bullhead City, Arizona, as authorities — including the FBI — search for an 8-year-old girl who has been missing for more than 40 hours, police said Wednesday.
At a news conference late Wednesday afternoon, police said it was too early to know whether the body is that of Isabella Grogan-Cannella, known as “Bella,” who went to bed Monday night but wasn’t there when her parents went to check on her shortly before 1:30 a.m. Tuesday. They said there were no signs of a break-in but that kidnapping was a possibility, and that they were searching the nearby Colorado River.
UPDATE III: 26 year old Justin James Rector arrested and charged with the kidnapping and first degree murder of Isabella “Bella” Grogan-Cannella.
A 26-year-old man snatched an eight-year-old girl in the middle of the night as he stayed at her family’s home – before murdering her and leaving her body in a shallow grave, police have said.
Justin James Rector was arrested on kidnapping and first-degree murder charges on Thursday morning after the body of Bella Grogan-Cannella was found in Bullhead City, Arizona on Wednesday.
At a press conference on Thursday, Police Chief Brian Williamson would not reveal how Bella died or if she had been sexually assaulted. He said they are still trying to determine a motive for the murder.
UPDATE IV: Medical Examiner Released the manner of death for Isabella “Bella” Grogan-Cannella on Friday … death was asphyxiation.
An 8-year-old girl reported missing from her Arizona home was strangled, authorities said Friday as they continued to investigate the case.
The Mohave County medical examiner released the manner of death for Isabella “Bella” Grogan-Cannella on Friday. The cause of death was asphyxiation.
Police found Isabella’s body in a shallow grave near her Bullhead City home Wednesday, a day after her family reported her missing.
Isabella was discovered wearing the same green, ruffled, sparkly tank top she had on when she was last seen. However, authorities said she didn’t have any clothing on her lower half and they are looking into whether she was the victim of sexual assault.
35 Year Old Stephen Howells & 25 Year Old Nicole Vaisey Arrested in Kidnapping of Two Amish Girls, Fannie and Delia Miller (VIDEO)(Update: Expect More Charges Like Sexual Assault and Rape)
A New York couple, 35 year old Stephen Howells and 25 year old Nicole Vaisey, have been arrested in the kidnapping of two Amish girls. Howells and Vaisey abducted 12 year old Fannie Miller and 7 year old Delia Miller on Wednesday, August 13, 2014 at 7:30 pm from their farm stand in Oswegatchie, NY prompting an AMBER ALERT.. The two girls were found safe on Thursday when their captors left them off at a home, and the individual returned them to their parents. The Hermon, NY couple have been arraigned on charges they intended to physically harm or sexually abuse both Fannie and Delia Miller. Both Howells and Vaisey are being held without bond. Both have been charged with first degree kidnapping; however, more charges are sue to follow.
Stephen Howells – Nicole Vaisey
A New York couple arrested in the kidnapping of two Amish sisters may have planned to abduct more children.
St. Lawrence County Sheriff Kevin Wells said Saturday that “there was the definite potential” of additional victims and that additional charges may be filed against Stephen Howells, 39, and Nicole Vaisey, 25.
The Hermon, N.Y., couple have been arraigned on charges they intended to physically harm or sexually abuse a 7-year-old and 12-year-old after abducting them from a roadside farm stand in northern New York State earlier this week.
Wells says the motive was “to take these girls from their home and victimize these girls.”
Wells says the motive was “to take these girls from their home and victimize these girls.”
The sheriff said Howells and Vaisey “were targeting opportunities” and did not necessarily grab the girls because they are Amish.
“There was a lot of thought process that went into this,” Wells said. “They were looking for opportunities to victimize.”
The St. Lawrence County Sheriff’s Office issued a statement late Friday saying the arrests of Howells and Vaisey “no doubt saved young children from future abuse.”
The two Amish sisters from northern New York who were kidnapped this week and then found safe a day later were sexually assaulted, the St. Lawrence County’s District Attorneys office told NBC News. Investigators believe suspects Stephen M. Howells II, 39, and Nicole F. Vaisey, 25 had planned the kidnapping using “coercion tactics” and knew ahead of time they wanted to take the girls, St. Lawrence County Sheriff Kevin Wells told reporters Saturday. Howells and Vaisey are being held without bail on first-degree kidnapping charges in the abduction and could face 25 years to life in prison if convicted. Wells added that “there was the definite potential” for additional victims, and the suspects could be hit with more charges.
Expect more charges to be added to the first degree kidnapping for Stephen Howells and Nicole Vaisey. Look for sexual assault and rape charges as well. Hopefully these two sex offenders will be going away for life.
More charges are expected soon against a northern New York couple accused of kidnapping two young Amish sisters and sexually abusing them, a prosecutor said Sunday.
Computer hard drives and other potential evidence are still being collected Sunday from the home of Stephen Howells Jr. and Nicole Vaisey, said Mary Rain, district attorney for St. Lawrence County.
“I 100 percent expect more charges,” Rain told The Associated Press in a telephone interview. She said the new charges, which she would not detail, could come after she meets with police investigators Monday or at the hearing Thursday. It’s also possible prosecutors would have to wait for results from forensic tests.
Unidentified 17 Year Old Male From Same Mobile Home Park Arrested in Aduction, Sexual Assault, Rape and Murder of Missing 6 Year Old Jenise Wright
And this is why you do not let your 6 year old daughter just wander around and not know where she is at all times …
The Kitsap County Sheriff’s Office and the FBI announced the arrest late Saturday afternoon that an unidentified 17 year old male has been arrested in the kidnapping, sexual assault and murder of 6-year-old Jenise Wright in Bremerton, Washington. The suspect was arrested at a residence in the same mobile home park where Jenise disappeared last weekend. The police stated that the suspect will face murder, manslaughter and rape charges Jenise Wright. She was last seen Saturday night, August 2, 2014. Sadly, her her body was found in a wooded area near her home on August 7. The 17 year old suspect was booked into the Kitsap County Juvenile Detention Center on charges of second-degree murder, first-degree manslaughter and first-degree child rape.
A 17-year-old has been arrested in the sexual assault and killing of a 6-year-old girl who disappeared from her family’s Washington home six days ago, law enforcement officials said Saturday.
Jenise Wright, who vanished from the mobile home park where her family lives in east Bremerton, Wash., on Sunday, was found dead Thursday. Her death was ruled a homicide Friday, law enforcement officials have said.
The Kitsap County Sheriff’s Office and the FBI announced the arrest late Saturday afternoon. The suspect, identified only as a 17-year-old, was arrested at his home shortly before 3 p.m. Saturday, police said during a news conference.
The suspect was arrested at a residence in the same mobile home park where Jenise disappeared last weekend, the Sheriff’s Office said.
He was being interviewed by detectives late Saturday afternoon, and will face murder, manslaughter and rape charges, police said.
Press Conference of the Arrest of 17 year old Suspect in rape and murder of 6 year old Jenise Wright
A 17-year-old male suspect was arrested Saturday after forensic evidence in the case positively identified him, said Detective Lt. Earl Smith, incident commander with the Kitsap County Sheriff’s Office.
“This investigation is far from over,” Smith told reporters at a news conference Saturday afternoon. “We have a lot still to do.”
The unidentified teen, who is a resident of the East Bremerton mobile home park where Jenise was discovered missing last Sunday morning, will be booked into Kitsap County Juvenile Detention Center on charges of second-degree murder, first-degree manslaughter and first-degree child rape.
It was unknown Saturday if the suspect and Jenise knew each other, but Smith said that is a possibility given the nature of the small community.
The suspect, who was living with his parents, was detained without incident at his residence in the 1300 block of Northeast Steele Creek Drive around 2:50 p.m. He will appear in Kitsap County District Court on Monday.
Henderson County, Tenn. Judge Rules Enough Evidence to Continue the Case Against Jeff Pearcy in 2011 Disapperance of Holly Bobo in Darden, TN … Witness Claims to Have Seen Holly Bobo on Video After She Went Missing
Oh Dear God if True …
A Henderson County, Tennessee judge ruled today that there was enough evidence and probably cause to go forward and continue the case against Jeff Pearcy in the disappearance of Holly Bobo. Pearcy is charged with accessory after the fact and tampering with evidence . During today’s hearing, the state called witness Sandra King who testified she saw a video, about 30 and 45 seconds in length, featuring a woman crying with her hands tied-up and crying. Sandra King said the woman had blond hair and looked like Holly Bobo. King indicated Pearcy’s half-brother Mark shot the alleged video. King is believed to have lived with Jeff Pearcy for about two months from March to May 2014. To make matters worse, Sandra Kind stated, “He [Jeff] told me Mark [Pearcy] had video showing Zach Adams having sex with Bobo.” Holly Bobo has been missing since 7:30 am Wednesday morning, April 13, 2011 at her home on Swan Johnson Road in Darden, TN when she was kidnapped from her home in Decatur County, Tennessee.
Witness Sandra King testifying in Court
Holly Bobo was seen on video after she disappeared, according to a witness during a court proceeding Tuesday.
Jeff Pearcy was in court when a Henderson County judge ruled there is enough evidence to continue the case against Pearcy who is charged with accessory after the fact and tampering with evidence .
Sandra King, who once lived with Pearcy, testified she saw a video of a tied up woman crying, “I seen [sic] a woman tied up. She was crying… she was blonde. Yes, it looked like Holly Bobo. I did not want to see more.”
King also testified Jeff told her Mark had a video of Zach Adams having sex with Holly Bobo according to WTVF-TV.
Missing: Holly Bobo
Zach Adams is charged with felony first degree murder and especially aggravated kidnapping in the disappearance of Holly Bobo, though a body has never been found. Mark Pearcy has been held in Carroll County without bond.
Suspect Jeff Pearcy
King testified that Zachary Adams, who has been charged with murder and kidnapping in connection with Bobo’s disappearance, was also in the video.
“I knew what he was fixing to do; I did not want to see,” King said.
Jeffrey Pearcy and his brother, Mark Pearcy, are charged with tampering with evidence and accessory after the fact in Bobo’s murder.
King testified that Jeffrey Pearcy showed her the video that Mark Pearcy took of Adams having sex with Bobo. She said Bobo was tied up and crying.
So far, nobody else has seen the video, including investigators, so they set Jeffrey Pearcy up with a phone call.
“I said to him, ‘You know that video of Holly, if it would have been you in that video, I would have watched it,’ and he said, ‘Yes I know,’” King said.
Jeffrey Pearcy said he couldn’t hear what King was saying over the phone and believes this was all a mistake. He said this is a sex tape with Mark Pearcy and his ex-wife, who also happens to be named Holly.
32 Year old Fugitive Child Molester Charles Richard Mozdir Featured on CNN’s ‘The Hunt’ Killed in NYC Shootout
Good riddance to bad rubbish …
32 year old Charles Richard Thomas Mozdir, a fugitive child molestation suspect from Coronado, CA was shot and killed by US Marshall’s on Monday in New York City. Mozdir, who was pronounced dead at a New York City hospital. According to accounts, two US Marshals and one NYC police officer were injured in the shootout. They are all in good condition.Charles Richard Mozdir had been sought since June 2012, when he failed to appear for a pretrial hearing on charges of molesting a child in Coronado. A judge issued a $1 million warrant for his arrest.
Charles Richard Thomas Mozdir – City of Coronado Police Department
A fugitive child molestation suspect from Coronado who had been on the run for more than two years died Monday in a New York City shootout that left three law enforcement officers wounded.
Charles Richard Thomas Mozdir, 32, opened fire when two U.S. Marshals and an NYPD detective tried to take him into custody at a Greenwich Village smoke shop about 1 p.m. Eastern time, authorities said.
Mozdir was apparently working at the shop as a salesman.
One witness next door said authorities went inside to talk to Mozdir and he just started shooting.
His case had recently been featured on CNN’s “The Hunt with John Walsh.” Mozdir was accused of abusing a young boy while babysitting him and authorities later found evidence of child pornography and bestiality on his cellphone and computers, according to the show’s website, quoting federal authorities.
Authorities have searched for him in Coronado, Georgia, California and Mexico, according to the show.
In the end, we have one less sex offender who will never, and I repeat never will offend again.
Father Beats Child Molester Raymond Frolamder Unconscious After Catching Him in the Act of Sexually Assaulting his Son in Volusia County, FL
The feel good story of the day and hero of the week goes to the 35 year old unidentified Florida father.
18 year old child molester, Raymond Frolander, was left beaten, battered and unconscious in a pool of his own blood after a Florida father caught the perv in the act of sexually assaulting his son. The unnamed father called 9-1-1 Frolander has since been charged with sexual battery on a victim under 12 and is being held without bail, county jail records show. Daytona Beach police chief Mike Chitwood said the father was not charged with a crime. Not been charged? The dad should get a medal. CNN affiliate CFN 13 asked Daytona Beach Police Chief Michael Chitwood whether he had any issue with the father’s reaction Friday. Chitwood responded, “Not as a police chief and not as a father.” Frolander is being held without bail.
“I just walked in on a grown man molesting—,” the 35-year-old unidentified father told a 911 dispatcher. “And I got him in a bloody puddle for you officer.”
Asked by the dispatcher if he had used any weapons, the father responded, “My foot and my fist.”
“I didn’t proceed to ask him any questions sir,” he said. “He is nice and knocked out on the floor for you. I drug him out to the living room.”
“He stood up and his pants were around his ankles and nothing else needed to be said,” the father added to the dispatcher. “I did whatever I got a right to do except I didn’t kill him.”
The father then advised the dispatcher to deploy paramedics. “Send an ambulance. He is going to need one.”
An 18 year old Child Molester Raymond Frolander after Father got through with him (Pic source: Volusia County Jail)
According to Frolander’s arrest affidavit, police say when they questioned him he admitted sexually battering the child and said, “I’m guilty.”
Frolander was charged with sexual battery by an 18-year-old on a victim under 12 and is being held without bail, Volusia County Branch Jail records show.
The child told investigators that he was playing video games with friends but after the friends left, Frolander asked the boy to sit in his lap and then took him to a back room, the report states.
Frolander then pulled the boy’s pants down and started sexually battering him, the boy told police, adding that Frolander had been abusing him since he was 8 years old, investigators said.
Now that is some street “JUSTICE” … Parental style. How would have the nerve to say that this
perp perv did not get exactly what he had coming?
Just Disgusting … Pope Francis Says 1 in 50 Roman Catholic Priests Are Pedophiles … Abuse of Children was Like “Leprosy” Infecting the Church
WHEN WILL THE CATHOLIC CHURCH PURGE ITSELF OF THIS SCOURGE?
Pope Francis was quoted in an Italian newspaper, La Repubblica, that 1 in 50 or 2% of Roman Catholic priests are pedophiles. The Pope said that the abuse of children was like “leprosy” infecting the Church. However, the Vatican was quick to backtrack on the comments and say that the Pope was misquoted. What, did the Pontiff quote a higher number? At some point the Vatican is going to have to come clean and rid itself of this terrible blight. If they think its an “infection” then they best find a cure pretty damn soon.
Pope Francis on Sunday was quoted by an Italian newspaper saying that about two percent — or 1 in 50 — of Roman Catholic priests are pedophiles, but the Vatican quickly released a statement saying the pontiff had been misquoted. Church officials also said that the journalist who did the story for La Repubblica had a history of having long conversations with public figures without taking notes or taping them, and then reconstructing them from memory.
“Many of my collaborators who fight with me (against pedophilia) reassure me with reliable statistics that say that the level of pedophilia in the Church is at about two percent,” Francis was quoted as saying.
The Pope reportedly told Italian newspaper la Repubblica that abuse of children was like “leprosy” infecting the Church.
Francis said the “corruption of a child is the terrible and unclean thing imaginable” and vowed to “confront it with the seriousness it demands”.
He said that paedophilia was unfortunately common and widespread.
“The church is fighting for the eradication of the habit and for education that rehabilitates. But this leprosy is also present in our house,” he was reported to have said.
“Many of my colleagues who are working against it tell me that paedophilia inside the church is at the level of two per cent. Among the two per cent who are paedophiles are priests and even bishops and cardinals.”
Samuel “Curt” Johnson III, SC Johnson Heir Pleads Guilty to Sexually Assaulting Teen … Sentenced to Misdemeanor, Fourth-Degree Sexual Assault
THERE CAN BE NO JUSTICE WHEN THE VICTIM DOES NOT WANT IT …
Samuel “Curt” Johnson III, heir to the SC Johnson fortune, was convicted on Friday of sexually assaulting a teen. However, the felony was downgraded to a misdemeanor, fourth-degree sexual assault and disorderly conduct. Johnson was initially charged in 2011 with the repeated sexual assault of a child, that charge carries a maximum penalty of 40 years in prison and a $100,000 fine. However, Judge Eugene Gasiorkiewicz sentenced Johnson to four months in jail and fined $6,000. Wow, $6,000, that is the equivalent of like 6 cents for this individual. However, the problem this time was not a lenient judge or lame prosecutor, it was the victim and her family. Neither the girl nor her mother wanted a case brought against Johnson, but the female victim did initially tell Racine County investigators that Johnson had inappropriate sexual contact with her 15 to 20 times, starting the summer after she finished sixth grade. She said Johnson exposed himself, fondled her under her clothes and kissed her breasts and elsewhere.
A Wisconsin billionaire pleaded guilty Friday to repeatedly sexually assaulting a teenage girl, a charge that prosecutors ended up downgrading from a felony to a misdemeanor after they said the victim and her family repeatedly refused to cooperate.
Samuel “Curt” Johnson III, whose family has run home-products giant SC Johnson for five generations, was convicted of fourth-degree sexual assault and disorderly conduct. He was sentenced to four months in jail, short of the one-year maximum. He was also fined $6,000.
In considering the sentence, Judge Eugene Gasiorkiewicz acknowledged that neither the girl nor her mother wanted a case brought against Johnson. Authorities only became aware of the allegations after the 59-year-old sought counseling at a clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona, where he made an undisclosed comment that triggered a mandatory report.
Sadly, this billionaire sex offender is going to get off with a slap on the wrist. Assistant District Attorney Robert Repischak said the victim and her mother refused to cooperate from the outset, leaving him a flimsy case at best. Repischak told reporters after the hearing, “I would have liked a chance to present the felony case to a jury. But given the state of the case, with little if any evidence, I did was I was able to do.”
Santa Clara County Superior Court Judge Gilbert Brown Rules Serial Rapist, the “Pillowcase Rapist” Christopher Evans Hubbart, Be Released from Prison
WHAT IS THIS JUDGE THINKING!!! Do the rights of the law-abiding public ever supersede the rights of a serial rapist violent sexual predator? Honestly, who releases into the public a serial rapist?
Santa Clara County, California Superior Court Judge Gilbert Brown has done the unthinkable, he has ruled that Christopher Evans Hubbart, a serial rapist, be released from prison. 67 year old Christopher Evans Hubbart was dubbed the “Pillowcase Rapist” who sexually assaulted at least 40 women in the 1970′s and 1980′s; however, authorities believe the number of victims is closer to 100. He got his nickname by using a pillowcase to muffle the screams of some victims. This serial, sexual predator admitted to raping and assaulting about 40 women between 1971 and 1982 and was sentenced to 16 years in prison. He was paroled in 1990 only to be arrested two months later for a new sexual assault. Hubbart was returned to prison until 1996. Judge Gilbert Brown said Hubbart will resided at a home in the 2000 block of East Avenue R. WTF. This issue is that these sexual predators have to go some where when they get out. Hmm … how about Hell!!!
It is bad enough what this judge did, but how in the hell did any doctor deem this predator fixed and safe to be released into society? What part about a serial sex offender do they not get? These habitual, serial raping scumbags cannot be fixed.
The so-called “Pillowcase Rapist” who attacked at least 40 women in the 1970s and 1980s will be freed and allowed to live in a remote Southern California desert area despite a host of vocal protests, a judge ordered Friday.
Christopher Evans Hubbart, 63, must be released from a state facility by July 7, Santa Clara County Superior Court Judge Gilbert Brown ruled.
Hubbart will be permitted to rent a small house near Palmdale, some 45 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles.
“Now we are preparing for his arrival,” said District Attorney Jackie Lacey, who spent months fighting Hubbart’s release. “We will do everything within our authority to protect the residents of Los Angeles County from this dangerous predator.”
State Assemblyman Steve Fox:
Fox has proposed legislation which would require communities to be notified in advance of the release of sexually violent predators if they are being released to counties other than the one where they were sentenced, KTLA reports. The legislation, Assembly Bill 1607, passed the State Assembly on Friday.
UPDATE I: Christopher Evans Hubbart to be located in a remote part of Palmdale, about 60 miles north of Los Angeles, CA.
“I know he’s going to escalate and he’s not going to leave any witnesses behind,” Holbrook said. “He is going to prey on us like a cat, like a slimy rattlesnake.”
Hubbart must wear a GPS ankle monitor and will be transported to individual therapy sessions twice per week. He will be accompanied by a Liberty supervisor when he goes out in public for the first six months to a year, according to terms of his release.
The house (pictured, right) is located in a remote part of Palmdale, about 60 miles north of Los Angeles. He was ordered to Los Angeles County because of a state law that states a judge can send a sexually violent predator back to his “alleged county of domicile.”
“There’s no streetlights out here, the cell service doesn’t hardly work out here. What is this judge thinking?” Holbrook said.
The PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent,
Christopher Evans HUBBART, Defendant and Appellant.
WHEN THIS PREDATOR RAPES AND HE WILL RAPE AGAIN … THIS JUDGE AND MENTAL HEALTH DOCTORS SHOULD BE BROUGHT UP ON CHARGES.